Helpful Hints for Pet Care at Home
A torn dewclaw is the most common injury to dogs that we see at Crestway Animal Clinic. Dewclaws are sometimes called the dog’s thumbs and do not wear
like the other claws because they do not regularly touch the ground. Dewclaws may often be found on a dogs rear legs as well. Many dogs, particularly
working breeds, have their dewclaws removed shortly after birth, but this is often overlooked.
In the following article, Dr. Côté, mentions using cornstarch as a clotting agent. A styptic or shaving pencil may be very helpful but may sting your
pet even more. Subsequent infections are always of concern so please give us a call. Please also visit Dr. Nichol's Youtube channel for some helpful videos.
How to Stop a Bleeding Toenail
Occasionally pets will catch their toenails on carpeting, metal grates, or rocks and will tear the nails, causing them to bleed. Clipping the toenail too
close to the quick can also make it bleed. It is easy to stop the bleeding of the toenail with products you have in your home.
Gauze or paper towel
Cornstarch or flour
Paper plate or paper napkin
It can take a few minutes to stop a bleeding toenail, but this can seem like a long time, especially for people who are squeamish at the sight of blood.
There is no need to worry about a bleeding toenail that bleeds for 3 to 5 minutes, because the amount of blood lost is insignificant.
If at any time your pet shows resentment to having this done, stop the procedure and call your veterinarian for further advice. The area may be too painful
to treat without additional medications, and it is imperative that you do not put yourself in a position of risk where your pet’s discomfort might
translate into your getting scratched or bitten. This may also be an indication that the injury is worse than originally thought and needs to be rechecked
immediately. The following instructions apply to the most common toenail injuries, which are broken or cut tips of the nails. More serious injuries such as
fractures of the bone in the toe, or deeper injuries such as lacerations (cuts) of the skin of the paw, will not be helped by this technique and should
instead be treated by your veterinarian.
Place a small amount of cornstarch or flour (about 1 teaspoon, or 5 mL) onto the paper plate or napkin.
Dab the wound area with a clean, wet gauze or paper towel.
Pick up a pinch of cornstarch between your thumb and forefinger, and apply it directly to the bleeding toenail. You should have the cornstarch pinched
between your fingertips, and you advance the toenail between your fingers so it is embedded in the cornstarch you are holding.
The result is that you should apply a gentle but firm compression of the cornstarch against the toenail, holding it for 10 to 15 seconds. This will let
the cornstarch pack onto the cut or broken surface of the nail, causing the blood to clot. Some pets are more sensitive to this than others, so be sure
to stabilize the leg so your pet cannot pull away. If you cannot comfortably do this, stop and bring your pet to the veterinarian instead.
Cornstarch will help the blood stay clotted and stop the bleeding in most cases. If the bleeding restarts, you may try this technique again. If
bleeding persists despite cornstarch, cauterization may be necessary at your veterinarian’s.
You may need to take your pet to the veterinarian to have the toenail examined or removed it if needed (often required as a result of trauma). You can also
apply a bandage or sock to the foot to add protection for a few hours after the application of cornstarch.
Frequently Asked Questions
The toenail is hanging by a few threads. Should I just take it off?
You may try and remove the nail, but if it is extremely painful (which is common), your pet should have this done under sedation or anesthesia (consider
how much it would hurt to remove an entire human fingernail). Therefore, any sign of pain or resentment is a good reason to call your veterinary hospital
and have this taken care of there.
I cut my pet’s nails too short, causing them to bleed. How can I prevent this?
Pets have a blood supply to the toenail, and when the nails are cut too short, they will bleed. You can prevent this by only trimming the “hook” of the
nail. If your pet’s toenails are clear or white, you can see the pink part of the nail, and you need to avoid this. If you cut into the pink portion of the
nail, it will bleed. Black toenails also have this blood supply but cannot be easily seen, so you should ask your veterinarian or a veterinary technician
to show you how short to cut these nails.
The toenail fell off, but my pet continues to lick the toe. Should I prevent him or her from licking it?
Yes, always prevent a pet from licking the same area consistently. A pet can cause more damage licking an area because the tongue causes irritation and
introduces bacteria into the exposed tissues. You may want to place a sock over the paw, carefully taping it in place (not too tight, to be sure the
circulation to the paw remains adequate). This helps protect the paw as well as keeping the floors and carpets cleaner. Applying an Elizabethan collar
(E-collar) to your pet is also an option; make sure the E-collar is longer then the nose and that the pet cannot extend the foot around the collar, to the
mouth. E-Collars can be purchased at your veterinary hospital or pet specialty store.
We thank Etienne Côté, DVM, for the above article first published as a client education sheet in Dr. Côtés excellent text Clinical Veterinary Advisor, 2 nd Ed. 2011. We thank Elsevier Inc. for permission to reproduce this article.